Der Chihuahua (auch kurz „Chi“ genannt) gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Trotz seiner Größe, ist dieser Hund für seinen mutigen und. Der Chihuahua ist ein Hund der Superlative, der in den Handtaschen von Madonna, Britney Spears oder Paris Hilton zuhause ist. Dabei ist der mexikanische. Der Chihuahua [tʃiˈwawa] ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse (FCI-Gruppe 9, Sektion 6, Standard Nr. ). Er ist die kleinste.
Chihuahua Wissenswertes über die Ernährung und Krankheiten des Chihuahuas
Der Chihuahua ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse. Er ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Der Chihuahua [tʃiˈwawa] ist eine von der FCI anerkannte mexikanische Hunderasse (FCI-Gruppe 9, Sektion 6, Standard Nr. ). Er ist die kleinste. Für wen eignet sich der Chihuahua? Was macht sein Wesen aus? Welche äußeren Merkmale kennzeichnen ihn? Jetzt bei uns interessante. Chihuahuas benötigen trotz ihrer Größe wie jeder Hund eine konsequente Erziehung. Besonders der junge Chihuahua ist ein wahrer Charmeur im Einfordern von. Der Chihuahua ist ein Hund der Superlative, der in den Handtaschen von Madonna, Britney Spears oder Paris Hilton zuhause ist. Dabei ist der mexikanische. Der Chihuahua ist die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt und außerdem ein beliebter Modehund. Was diese Rasse ausmacht, erfahrt ihr im Steckbrief. Der Chihuahua (auch kurz „Chi“ genannt) gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt. Trotz seiner Größe, ist dieser Hund für seinen mutigen und.
Er gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt: der Chihuahua. Wie man den kleinen Hund aus Mexiko am besten hält und pflegt, erfährst du hier. Für wen eignet sich der Chihuahua? Was macht sein Wesen aus? Welche äußeren Merkmale kennzeichnen ihn? Jetzt bei uns interessante. Der Chihuahua ist ein Hund der Superlative, der in den Handtaschen von Madonna, Britney Spears oder Paris Hilton zuhause ist. Dabei ist der mexikanische.
Chihuahua My experience with Chihuahua temperament Video36 Angry Chihuahuas - Try Not To Laugh - That Pet Life
Has a tendency to wheeze and snore because of their small, short muzzles. Prone to stress, caused by the owners tendency to treat them like little babies.
All dogs, even tiny ones, need to feel their owners are strong-minded beings able to handle the entire pack. It is becoming more frequent among the apple head Chis.
It is, at this time, a very poorly understood central nervous system disease that suddenly strikes without much warning.
It comes in three types: focal lesions in the brain or spine ; multifocal lesions in both brain and spine as well as eyes ; and optical causing blindness.
There are several current methods of treating it currently and which continue to be updated as more research is done. While there are methods of controlling it in those dogs who survive the first two weeks, unfortunately, there is no true cure.
It can go into remission, sometimes for years, but can always resurface. The medications, testing, etc. While GME occurs in many other breeds generally the toy breeds though there are some others, there is a tremendous number of Chihuahuas with it.
Interestingly, deer head Chihuahua's do not tend to be prone to GME, only the apple-head type. They are good little dogs for apartment life.
The Chihuahua likes warm weather and dislikes the cold. They need space just like any other dog. Because they are small does not mean they can be kept in a very small area.
Although it is tempting to carry these dainty creatures about, these are active little dogs that need a daily walk. Play can take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk.
Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display a wide array of behavior problems , as well as neurotic issues. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe open area off lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard.
The smooth, shorthaired coat should be gently brushed occasionally or simply wiped over with a damp cloth. The long coat should be brushed daily with a soft bristle brush.
Bathe both types about once per month, taking care not to get water in the ears. Check the ears regularly and keep the nails trimmed. This breed is an average shedder.
This is the oldest breed on the American continent and the smallest breed in the world. Native to Mexico, where it received its name from the Mexican State of Chihuahua.
It was only brought to Europe at the end of the nineteenth century. The breeds that were used to make up the Chihuahua are unclear, but some think it originated from the Fennec Fox.
The dogs were sacred to Pre-Columbian Indian nations and were also popular pets to the upper class. The first picture is her at 7 weeks old.
She is a short-coat fawn with black sable. As she grew older the black sable faded and she is almost completely fawn except for the black stripe on her tail.
We had to work hard to keep her from getting " small dog syndrome , " which makes many toy breeds yappy and disliked by strangers. She bonded with many friends and family members and I took her to class with me and on the bus.
I even took her babysitting with me and she now LOVES kids which is not a common trait in small dogs.
Because of our hard work to treat her like a dog and not a fragile little toy she is very well behaved and not terrified of people and new surroundings.
She also knows over 15 tricks and loves to perform! Stoli is 3. Just over a month ago we decided to get a playmate for Stoli that was her own size.
This first picture is Roxi at 8 weeks and 15 ounces. She is a longhaired Chihuahua and should get up to Her color is technically black and tan with a partial white collar and white feet.
She also has merle markings that give the spotted blue and black pattern to her coat. It has also affected her eye color, which is marbled blue and brown.
The merle Chihuahua is banned from some organizations around the world, but the AKC still allows for it in the show ring. The reason for this is possible health concerns associated with the gene.
But we love little Roxi to death and she is completely healthy and growing fast! Walking around town with these two we get stopped constantly to be asked what kind of dogs they are and to tell us how cute they are.
Recently we have been hearing kids yell out "Mommy look they are from Beverly Hills! While Milo and Matilda are on the bigger side of the Chi scale at 7 and 9 lbs.
Milo is a bit more on the lazy side compared to the other two and sometimes will just sit and watch the others play.
He is also a bit insecure which we are working on with him. They are all very loving however and are always anxious to share kisses with their humans and with each other alike.
Then they will burrow in blankets, pillows, etc. While none of them are the " alpha " that's the humans job, isn't it?! If she wants to play, you'd better play or else you'll get a "donkey kick" until she gets a reaction.
Typical female! However, when wanting a new addition to our home, I did my breed research and found the Chihuahua to best suit my wants in a dog.
Apparently they surpassed my expectations as we went from one to three Chihuahua's in 3 short months with absolutely no regrets. While my puppies are still young and are a work in progress as most are, I think using these techniques will help them become balanced adults.
Of course, the more I watch, the more I learn so I am also a " pack leader work in progress. He's a tiny terror, but an overall good boy. She got her name Monkey because she climbs on my shoulders all the time and adores bananas, so I thought 'Monkey' really fit her.
She is very, very playful and is a joy to have. She is completely pad trained now and knows sit! She lives with 2 adults, 2 teenagers 15 and 16 and 2 little kids 7 and 11 and she loves everyone.
But, is very attached to me I'm Monkey is estimated to weigh about 3 lbs. She is extremely smart and has great manners, surprisingly.
Monkey is for sure a lapdog and follows me around everywhere!! Loves car rides and is very well socialized.
I've watched Cesar Millan for about 3 years now and have read his book. He's amazing and has taught me so much about dog psychology, he is truly my idol.
Monkey is a well-balanced dog and I taught her young not to have the mind set to walk all over me or try to control me in any way.
Though she is spoiled rotten, she knows who is boss. They carry him everywhere in their arms, which essentially tells the dog that the world is unsafe for him to walk through.
Or they don't teach any commands, laugh at signs of aggression, make excuses for bad behavior, and soothe and coo over the dog constantly.
It's no wonder that so many Chihuahuas are neurotic when they're made that way by their owners. Spoiling is a dreadful way to raise a dog; all it does is make the owner feel good, while creating an insecure dog who barks manically whenever he sees something that looks or sounds unfamiliar.
What an awful state of mind for that dog to live with. Long Coat Chihuahuas — a black and a chocolate. On a chocolate Chihuahua, even the nose is chocolate brown.
All dogs, whatever their size, should be taught how to walk on their own four feet, how to do what they're told, and how to get along peacefully with the world.
This creates a confident, stable Chihuahua. Now, you do need to take precautions! There are indeed dangers lurking everywhere for toy dogs.
The trick is to let your Chihuahua walk on his own as much as possible, while still keeping an eagle eye out for real danger.
If you don't protect his safety, he can be hurt or killed, but if you baby him and don't require him to be well-behaved, he can end up insecure or downright nasty.
Chihuahuas adore warmth, oh, yes! They will seek out the tiniest sunspot in which to bask blissfully. They also burrow under blankets and tunnel under towels.
You need to be careful whenever you sit down on your sofa or bed, as there could be a Chihuahua tucked under there. Why do Chihuahuas shiver or tremble so much?
Well, they might be a little cold, but usually they quiver when they're either nervous or excited. The most difficult thing to teach a Chihuahua?
Chihuahuas are VERY difficult to housebreak — one of the most difficult of all breeds — especially in cold or wet weather. In cold or rainy climates, consider an indoor litter box, or a doggy door that leads out to a covered potty area.
Some Long Coat Chihuahuas have a bushy coat, while with others such as these three lovelies , you can only tell they're longhaired by the tufts of hair near their ears.
According to the official breed clubs, Chihuahuas should be about inches at the shoulder and weigh lbs.
But some individuals are smaller, and many individuals are larger — often twice as large. Those phrases are made-up.
There is no such breed or variety as a Teacup Chihuahua, or any of the other names. They're simply marketing phrases used by clever breeders who want you to think you're getting some kind of extra-special Chihuahua Such a breeder might tell you that "Toy" Chihuahuas are a certain weight range, "Tiny Toy" Chihuahuas are slightly smaller, "Extreme Tiny" Chihuahuas are smaller than that, etc.
These breeders might even price their dogs according to weight, as if that should define a dog's value. And their prices are typically ridiculous. There are NO weight divisions in this breed.
It is perfectly natural for one individual to weigh more or less than another. Whether an individual weighs 2 lbs or 6 lbs or 12 lbs, he's still a Chihuahua, which is a Toy breed.
All Chihuahuas are Toys. Unfortunately, Chihuahuas under 2 or 3 lbs are at greater risk when it comes to health.
Their bones are more fragile. There isn't enough room in their mouth for healthy teeth. They can have difficulty regulating their blood sugar and can go into hypoglycemic shock if they go too long without eating.
Their internal organs are often weak and can fail suddenly — you might come downstairs one morning and find them inexplicably dead in their basket.
Thus, responsible Chihuahua breeders never try to produce these high-risk creatures. If an especially tiny Chihuahua pops up in one of their normal-size litters, they find the best home they can for it.
But they try not to produce them in the first place. So if possible, try to stick with Chihuahuas who will mature at 4 lbs and up.
They have the best chance of living a normal healthy life. How can you tell whether a Chihuahua puppy will mature at 4 lbs and up? There's a general rule of thumb that says you can take the weight of a Chihuahua puppy at 14 weeks old and double it to estimate his adult weight.
So to get an adult who will weigh 4 lbs and up, look for a week-old pup who weighs at least 2 lbs. It's not perfect, but it's usually pretty close.
Also look at the parents. If both parents are less than 6 lbs, their pups are more likely to be, too. If one or both is oversized, their pups are more likely to be, too.
Would you feel silly bringing a postal scale along when you visit a litter of Chihuahua pups? I wouldn't. An awful lot of breeders will lowball their pups' weights in order to make a sale.
Don't be too quick to pass up Chihuahuas who are at the top end of of normal, or even oversized individuals. They're still Chihuahuas, they're still plenty small, and they make sturdier pets.
We've already talked about different sizes. Chihuahuas also come in different coats short and long , different head types applehead and deerhead , and different body types cobby build and deer build.
Unofficially, Chihuahuas actually come in SIX coats, because the two varieties have three "versions" apiece:. Do Smooth Coats and Long Coats have different temperaments?
Long Coats to be milder-mannered and more willing to please. Most Chihuahuas I've seen competing in agility and obedience have been Long Coats.
But I do love my quirky Smooth Coat rescue! Chihuahua clubs will tell you there is only one proper head type: a large rounded skull known as an apple head.
The curvature begins at the back of the skull, arcs over the skull between the ears, and drops vertically down between the eyes to join the muzzle at about a degree angle.
Usually that muzzle is shortish, and rather broad and blunted. However, shortish can be carried to extremes. Some Chihuahua show lines have such short, blunt muzzles that they make snorting sounds.
Not good. Although the Chihuahua clubs wish it weren't so This Chihuahua head is flatter on top, rather than domed. Instead of having an abrupt vertical drop between the eyes, there is a gradual slope from the top of the head down between the eyes and continuing along a longer, pointier, foxier muzzle.
This head is not correct for showing in the conformation ring. But it's fine for any other activity obedience, agility, etc.
Deer again? Yes, it's a bit confusing, but deer can describe a head shape see above or a body shape.
Some Chihuahuas are rather chunky and short-legged. This is known as a cobby build and you'll see a lot of them in show lines.
It's fine in moderation, but if taken to extremes, it can result in squat Chihuahuas with curved legs and joint problems.
This cute Chihuahua, all bundled for cold weather, has both a deer head and a deer build. Other Chihuahuas are more slender and longer-legged.
This is known as a deer build and these dogs are often athletic and agile. But if taken to extremes, it can resemble a teeny tiny greyhound with long spindly legs.
So in Chihuahuas, deer can refer to a slim, leggy build, or a flat-skulled, long-nosed head. Some Chihuahuas have both a deer-like build and a deer-like head.
Others have one deer-like feature, but not the other. Technically, Chihuahuas need very little outdoor exercise, so they're perfect dogs for owners who don't have a fenced yard.
But truthfully Chihuahuas love to have a safe place to run and play on the grass, just like larger dogs do. And they adore half-mile walks around the block.
Keep your Chihuahua on-leash! Even if you felt that your particular dog would stay with you, there are far too many dangers lurking for a dog of this size.
Most Chihuahuas need very little obedience training. Some individuals are easy to train, while others are a bit more stubborn.
No is particularly important because you need to be able to stop your Chihuahua from barking and from acting suspiciously or aggressively toward strangers and other dogs.
As important as those few words and commands are, housebreaking is even more important. Chihuahuas need to learn where to go to the bathroom, and where not to go — and this can be biggest training challenge in this breed.
As a behavioral consultant, the Chihuahua is firmly on my Top 5 list of hardest breeds to housebreak. If you live in a cold or rainy climate, housebreaking will be especially difficult, because Chihuahuas hate both the cold and the rain.
Sometimes a doggy door is necessary so your Chihuahua can run outside the moment he feels the urge in his tiny bladder. An indoor litterbox is another option.
All of these housebreaking options are detailed in my puppy training book, Respect Training For Puppies. Most Chihuahuas are naturally reserved with strangers.
In fact, many Chihuahuas will put on a display of excited ferociousness "they pitch a fit" when other people approach what the Chihuahua considers to be "his.
It sounds funny, but it's not. If you don't stop this behavior dead in its tracks, your Chihuahua may end up disliking everyone in the world, which is a short step to biting when someone unwittingly instrude on "his" space.
Raising a Chihuahua properly means making it clear to him that yes, he can be aloof or suspicious — but without letting everyone within earshot know about it, and without progressing to threats.
It's up to YOU to draw and enforce the line. Fortunately, there also exist Chihuahuas who are standoffish, but who will eventually approach people in their own good time, especially if the person isn't pushy or insistent.
And some Chihuahuas are very friendly right from the get-go and will go to anyone. I never recommend keeping a Chihuahua with children under the age of about 10, no matter how well-meaning the child.
Younger children cannot help being clumsy, and that a child "meant well" is little solace to a Chihuahua who has been accidentally stepped on, sat on, squeezed, hit with an errant ball, or dropped down the stairs or onto the concrete patio.
In addition, most Chihuahuas feel overwhelmed by the loud voices and quick movements that children can't help making, and stress and fearfulness even defensive biting may be the result.
But you should be careful about mixing them with larger dogs. If you want to try this, be sure you can read dogs accurately, and be sure the other dog is quiet, gentle, and well behaved.
A big bouncy dog can hurt a Chihuahua by accident. I would not mix a Chihuahua with a breed whose heritage is chasing prey animals.
Chihuahuas can look like prey animals, especially when they move quickly. This can trigger instinctive chasing behavior in breeds such as medium to large terriers, sighthounds, and northern spitz breeds like Alaskan Malamutes and Akitas.
If possible, you should keep a Chihuahua with another small breed, ideally another Chihuahua. This breed is unusual in that it usually recognizes and strongly prefers being with another member of its own breed.
Two Chihuahuas will keep each other company when you're gone, will play together, will clean each other's ears Chihuahuas can be obsessive ear-lickers!
How do Chihuahuas get along with dogs outside their own family? Often not well. Chihuahuas often raise a ruckus when they spy a strange dog, especially a larger dog.
It's as though the Chihuahua wants to convince the larger dog that he is a force to reckon with rather than a helpless prey animal.
The Chihuahua may be seeking to protect itself by putting up a blustering facade that tells the other dog to "move along. This is an anxious state of mind for your little dog to live with.
Better to teach him that you are the leader who will take charge of keeping him safe and keeping other dogs away from him. Then he will be able to relax and leave everything up to you.
That's the psychologically healthy and secure mind-set you want your dog to have. Summary: don't allow your Chihuahua to bellow threats at other dogs.
It's not safe for the Chihuahua, it's not psychologically healthy for the Chihuahua, and it contributes to the breed's reputation as a nasty little yapper.
If you come to my house, you will leave with dark gray hairs on your clothes. Dark gray hairs that belong to my Chihuahua. Chihuahuas shed.
Chihuahua Wesen und CharakterGenerell ist bei kleinen Hunderassen wichtig, dass sie sich genug bewegen. Kurz darauf verbreiteten sich die kleinen Hunde in der ganzen Welt. In der Zucht brachte es jedoch auch gesundheitliche Probleme mit sich. Der Legende nach zeigte der Hund seinem ehemaligen Besitzer im Jenseits den Weg Silent Paradies nur, wenn er im Leben gut behandelt wurde. Chihuahua anderen zwei waren Fußball Wm Livestream bis gross. Natürlich fehlt mir mein verstorbener Mann Hausarrest noch, wir haben Fußball Wm Lily zusammen geholt. Ab dem
Chihuahua Navigation menu VideoChihuahua - Dogs 101 Diese Seite teilen. Sie sind nicht gerne lange alleine. Doch unterschätzen sollte man den intelligenten und temperamentvollen Hundezwerg auch nicht. Allerdings sind Chihuahuas keinesfalls dafür geeignet, in der Handtasche getragen zu werden: Der Minihund will Action, wie es seinem südländischen Temperament entspricht! Eine andere Theorie The Shannara Chronicles 2 den Ursprung in der älteren aztekischen Kultur oder gar im alten Ägypten. Chihuahuas mit längerem Fell Chihuahua als sanftmütig und umgänglich, während kurzhaarige Exemplare eher dickköpfig und sehr selbstbewusst sind. Vor der Anschaffung eines solchen Hundes, sollte die The Walking Dead Neue Staffel Verpflichtung bedacht werden. Blind Spot diesem Fall sollten die Milchzähne vom Tierarzt extrahiert werden, um chronische Entzündungen im Bereich des Kiefers und der Maulschleimhaut zu vermeiden. War dieser Anna Malle hilfreich für dich? Geschichte Trotz verschiedenster Theorien über die Abstammung des Chihuahuas gilt es Guava Island relativ gesichert, dass Fack Ju G�Hte 2 Ganzer Film In Voller L�Nge Deutsch Chihuahua-Rasse aus Mexiko stammt. Lernen Sie unser Team sowie die Geschichte hinter futalis kennen und erfahren Sie mehr über unsere Partner und darüber, was unsere Kunden über uns sagen. So lassen sich abgestorbene Haare, Schmutz und Hautschuppen ganz einfach entfernen. Chihuahua. Steckbrief Chihuahua. Größe, cm. Gewicht, 1, kg. Herkunft. Mit maximal drei Kilo ist auch das Gewicht des Chihuahua handlich. Allerdings sind Chihuahuas keinesfalls dafür geeignet, in der Handtasche getragen zu. Er gilt als die kleinste Hunderasse der Welt: der Chihuahua. Wie man den kleinen Hund aus Mexiko am besten hält und pflegt, erfährst du hier. The Chihuahua is a wash-and-go dog. Also, larger breeding females are less likely to experience dystocia obstructed labour. Deer Head Chihuahuas are not allowed because they Guava Island a longer jaw line and a slope that connects Guava Island muzzle and Spiegel Tv Magazin Heute, creating a 45 degree angle instead of a 90 degree angle like the Apple Head. Many Chihuahuas love children, but the combination of a Heidi Klumm dog and a young child can be a recipe for disaster. Chihuahuas need to learn where to go to the bathroom, and where not to go — and this can be biggest training challenge in this breed. If Ready To Rumble considering a watchdog, will a city full of suspicious "strangers" put your pup on permanent alert? Whether a coat is short or long, the double coats shed more than the single coats. We had to work hard to keep her from getting " small dog syndrome" which makes many toy breeds yappy and disliked by Longmire Staffel 6.
Chihuahua - Ursprung und Geschichte der kleinsten Hunderasse der WeltCiao Rosi. Wenn ihr euch für einen Langhaar oder Kurzhaar Chihuahua entschieden habt, habt ihr die Wahl zwischen allen möglichen Fellfarben von einfarbig bis mehrfarbig mit verschiedensten Abzeichen. Weitere Themen im Überblick. So lassen sich abgestorbene Haare, Schmutz und Hautschuppen ganz einfach entfernen.
Regardless of your family situation, it's important to remember to socialize your Chihuahua to children, adults, and other animals.
Chihuahuas are mistrustful of strangers, which makes them good watchdogs, but they need to learn to meet people in a friendly manner. It's also important to remember that Chihuahuas tend to forget they are small and will stand up to a larger aggressive dog; as a result the Chihuahua needs vigilant supervision in new situations, while they're on walks, and when they're in the yard.
The Chihuahua's personality and unique size make him a wonderful go-everywhere companion. People who live with Chihuahuas become devoted to them, and many say that once you share your life with one, there will be no other dog breed for you.
As with so many breeds, the Chihuahua's origins are unclear, but there are two theories of how he came to be. The first is that he descended from a Central or South American dog known as the Techichi.
When we look at the evidence of the Chihuahua coming from Central and South America, we find ourselves looking back to the Toltec civilization.
There are Toltec carvings dating to the 9th century C. These dogs were called Techichi, and their purpose in Toltec civilization is obscure.
When the Aztecs conquered the Toltecs, they absorbed the Techichi into their society. Many of the dogs lived in temples and were used in Aztec rituals.
The Aztecs believed that the Techichi had mystic powers, including the ability to see the future, heal the sick, and safely guide the souls of the dead to the underworld.
It was customary to kill a red Techichi and cremate him with the remains of the deceased. The Aztecs also used the Techichi as a source of food and pelts.
The Spanish conquered the Aztecs in the late s and the Techichi faded into obscurity. The second theory is that small hairless dogs from China were brought to Mexico by Spanish traders and then bred with small native dogs.
Regardless of which theory is accurate, the shorthaired Chihuahua we know today was discovered in the s in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, from which he took his name.
American visitors to Mexico brought the little dogs home with them. They began to be shown in , and a Chihuahua named Midget became the first of his breed to be registered with the American Kennel Club in The longhaired variety was probably created through crosses with Papillons or Pomeranians.
The breed's popularity took off in the s and s, when it was associated with dance king and Latin music bandleader Xavier Cugat.
Since the s, the Chihuahua has been one of the most popular breeds registered by the AKC. Today they rank 11th among the breeds and varieties the AKC recognizes.
The typical Chihuahua weighs 3 to 6 pounds. There are Chihuahuas that are smaller, but they tend not to be very healthy. Chihuahuas can also be oversize, with some reaching 12 or more pounds.
These can be good choices for families with children. The bold and confident Chihuahua is often described as being terrier-like. His alert nature and suspicion of strangers make him an excellent watchdog.
He's sensitive and thrives on affection and companionship. Chihuahuas often bond to a single person, although they're usually willing to make friends with new people if properly introduced.
Expect them to be a little reserved at first, though. Chihuahuas can be timid if they're not properly socialized as puppies.
Like every dog, Chihuahuas need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young.
Socialization helps ensure that your Chihuahua puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog. The Chihuahua doesn't have any major health problems, but like all breeds he can be born with or acquire certain conditions.
Not all Chihuahuas will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them so you can be informed when you interview breeders and can know what to look for throughout your Chihuahua's life.
Buying from a responsible breeder will help ensure that you get the healthiest Chihuahua possible. A puppy from a reputable Chihuahua breeder will be vaccinated and dewormed before you take him home.
Responsible breeders use only physically sound, mature at least 2 years or older dogs, and test their breeding stock for genetic diseases pertinent to the breed, such as luxating patellas bum knees and heart disease.
Both parents should have health clearances, documentation that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.
In Chihuahuas, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals OFA for patellas and heart disease. You can confirm health clearances by checking the OFA web site offa.
Health clearances are not issued to dogs younger than 2 years of age. That's because some health problems don't appear until a dog reaches full maturity.
For this reason, it's often recommended that dogs not be bred until they are two or three years old.
Despite the Chihuahua's small size, like all dogs he needs exercise and training. The amount of energy an adult Chihuahua has can be surprising.
He'll endlessly chase squirrels in the backyard and is willing to play as long as you are. Chihuahuas enjoy walks, supervised romps around the yard, and retrieving toys.
They'll go until they drop, so it's important to make sure they don't tire themselves out, especially on hot days.
As much as they enjoy playing outdoors, Chihuahuas should never live outside. They aren't safe from raptors such as hawks, coyotes, or other larger dogs that could go into your yard.
They are bred as companions, and the best place for a companion is with you. Training a Chihuahua can be an enjoyable task. They are successful in several different dog sports such as agility and obedience, but puppy kindergarten and basic obedience class are important even for a Chihuahua who's strictly a companion.
Your Chihuahua will meet many different dogs and people in class, contributing to his socialization , and he'll learn the manners all dogs should know.
Chihuahuas are as easy to housetrain as any other breed as long as you take them out frequently and on a consistent schedule.
Puppies need to go out as soon as they wake up in the morning, after every meal, after naps, after playtime, and just before bedtime.
Using a crate to confine them when you're unable to supervise them will teach them that they can control their bladder and prevent them from having accidents in the house.
If they're not crated, plan to take them out every one to two hours, and don't crate them for more than two to four hours at a time except overnight.
Beyond housetraining, crate training is a kind way to ensure that your Chihuahua doesn't get into things he shouldn't.
Like every dog, Chihuahuas can be destructive as puppies. They might not do as much damage as a Lab puppy, but those little teeth can definitely leave their mark.
Crate training at a young age will also help your Chihuahua accept confinement if he ever needs to be boarded or hospitalized.
Never stick your Chihuahua in a crate all day long, however. It's not a jail, and he shouldn't spend more than a few hours at a time in it except when he's sleeping at night.
Chihuahuas are people dogs, and they aren't meant to spend their lives locked up in a crate or kennel. Train your Chihuahua using positive reinforcement techniques such as food rewards, praise, and play, and you will soon find that he can learn anything you can teach.
NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl.
For more on feeding your Chihuahua, see our guidelines for buying the right food , feeding your puppy , and feeding your adult dog.
Chihuahuas come in two different coat types: smooth and long. The smooth-coated Chihuahua has a smooth, shiny coat that fits close to the body with a ruff of thick, longer hair on the neck.
The hair on the head and ears is thinner, and the tail is furry. The long-coated Chihuahua has a soft coat that's flat or slightly curly.
On the body it's almost as smooth as that of a smooth-coated Chihuahua, but the ears have a fringe of hair, and the plumed tail spreads out like a fan over the back.
He also has a ruff on the neck and longer hair called feathering on his feet. The hind legs are also covered with long hair that resembles pants — and that's what it's called.
On the stomach is longer hair known as a frill. Besides coming in two coat types, Chihuahuas are found in a range of colors and markings.
They can be solid colors such as black, white, fawn, chocolate, gray, and silver as well as tricolor chocolate, black, or blue with tan and white, for instance , brindle, spotted, merle and a variety of other markings.
Shades can be very pale to very dark for all the colors. The Chihuahua is a wash-and-go dog. Grooming him takes only a few minutes each week.
Brush him weekly with a rubber grooming mitt or a brush with short, natural bristles for a shorthaired Chihuahua and a pin brush for a longhaired Chihuahua.
A fine-toothed flea comb helps remove loose or dead hair. Chihuahuas shed small amounts year round and may shed somewhat more heavily — a relative term for a dog this small — in the spring and fall.
The longhaired Chihuahua's undercoat may come out in little clumps. Regular brushing will help keep shedding under control.
With regular brushing, a Chihuahua shouldn't need a bath more than every month or two. Use a shampoo formulated for dogs so you don't dry out the coat and skin.
Ears are an important area to check when you are grooming your Chihuahua. If you smell an odor or see wax, clean the inner ear with a cotton ball, using a cleanser recommended by your veterinarian.
Avoid going into the depth of the ear, past where you can see. If the ears are dry along the edge, rub a little baby or coconut oil onto them.
Some Chihuahuas develop tear stains beneath their eyes. You can carefully wipe the eyes to remove discharge, and there are products available to remove the stains.
A Chihuahua's nails grow quickly. Keep them trimmed short. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. The earlier you introduce your Chihuahua to nail trimming the less stressful the experience is.
At the same time, check the pads for any foreign objects or injuries. Like many small breeds, Chihuahuas are prone to poor dental health.
Brushing their teeth can help their mouths stay healthy. Brush the teeth at least two or three times a week — daily is better — to remove tartar and bacteria.
Start when your puppy is young so he'll be used to it. As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the ears, nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet.
Ears should smell good, without too much wax or gunk inside, and eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early.
Many Chihuahuas love children, but the combination of a tiny dog and a young child can be a recipe for disaster. A Chihuahua may leap from a child's hands and injure himself if he's not being held correctly, and he won't hesitate to defend himself if he's being mistreated.
Many breeders won't sell puppies to families with toddlers for fear that the dog will be injured. Chihuahuas do best in families with quiet, older children who understand how to interact with them.
Make it a rule that young children can only hold or pet the Chihuahua if they're sitting on the floor. Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party.
Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child.
Even if your family doesn't have children, your Chihuahua should always be exposed to them when he's young so he won't be fearful of them if he encounters them later in life.
Just be sure you supervise carefully. Chihuahuas get along well with other pets in the family, including cats , if introduced at a young age.
The fearless Chihuahua will often boss around dogs much bigger than he is, and this may or may not cause problems.
It's not unusual for the smallest dog to be the one in charge. Chihuahuas are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering.
Other Chihuahuas end up in rescue because their owners have divorced or died. Adopting an adult Chihuahua has many benefits.
Adult dogs are often already housetrained and have some obedience training, and they've already gone through the destructive puppy stage.
Because Chihuahuas have such a long life span, adopting an adult dog can bring you many years of pleasurable companionship. Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Chihuahua.
Breed Characteristics: Adaptability. All Around Friendliness. Health And Grooming Needs. Physical Needs. See Dogs With Low Intensity. Vital Stats: Dog Breed Group:.
Choose a Chihuahua breeder who provides health clearances for patellas and heart conditions. The Chihuahua is a long-lived breed; expect to care for him for up to 18 years.
Chihuahuas are prone to shivering when they are cold, excited, or scared. Provide your Chihuahua with a sweater or coat when he goes outdoors in cold or wet weather.
Chihuahuas can be unfriendly toward other dogs if they're not socialized when young. Chihuahuas don't back down from other dogs and this can cause a problem if they encounter a large aggressive dog.
Don't leave your Chihuahua unattended in the yard. He could be attacked by a hawk, other birds of prey, or larger dogs or coyotes.
Chihuahuas can be reserved with strangers. Choose a puppy that was whelped and raised in a home with a lot of human interaction.
Chihuahuas are not the best dog to have when you have young children. Chihuahuas are fragile and a toddler may hurt the dog while playing.
Most breeders won't sell puppies to homes with children younger than eight years. The Chihuahua's ears can be prone to ear wax build up and dry skin.
Chihuahuas are happy as companions, but they do need 20 to 30 minutes of exercise daily and can go for much longer than you might expect.
Monitor your Chihuahua, especially when he's a puppy, so that he doesn't wear himself out. Chihuahuas have larger than life personalities and will run your life if you let them.
They can be destructive when bored and can become finicky eaters if their diet is fussed over. Establish ground rules and stick with them or you'll find yourself giving up your comfortable chair because your beloved pet has told you to move.
To get a healthy pet, never buy a puppy from a backyard breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs for genetic health conditions and good temperaments.
The eyes may water in response to dry air, dust, or airborne allergens. Collapsed trachea is a health concern characteristic of the Chihuahua breed.
Chihuahuas may tremble or shiver when stressed, excited, or cold. They seek warmth in sunshine, under blankets, or on furniture, or human laps.
Some Chihuahuas may present separation anxiety as a result of being so close and loyal to their owners.
This is a fairly common cause behind any pacing, excessive salivating, destructive chewing, or barking, howling, or whining in dogs.
Many treatments and tips can help prevent separation anxiety in dogs. The lifespan for a Chihuahua is usually between 12 and 20 years.
Chihuahuas are also known for luxating patella , a genetic condition that can occur in all dogs. In some dogs, the ridges forming the patellar groove are not shaped correctly and a shallow groove is created, causing the patella to luxate or slip out of place, sideways.
The knee cap sliding across the bony ridges of the femur can cause some pain. The affected chihuahua will hold its leg flexed, and foot off the ground until the quadriceps muscle relaxes and lengthens, after which the animal feels no discomfort and continues with activity.
Chihuahuas are also prone to some heart-related disorders, such as heart murmurs and pulmonic stenosis, a condition in which the blood outflow from the heart's right ventricle is obstructed at the pulmonic valve.
A chocolate and tan shorthaired Chihuahua portrait showing the characteristic traits of the breed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the baseball team, see El Paso Chihuahuas. A purebred Chihuahua showing the classic features of the breed. Category:Chihuahua dog category.
Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Pearson Longman. American Kennel Club. Retrieved April 3, February 27, Retrieved February 15, July 6, Bibcode : Sci Fordham University.
Retrieved March 25, Jesus Paniagua Perez. The Chihuahua Handbook. Placing a warm dog onto an aching body part can be soothing, and it may be where the idea arose that the pain was being transferred from the person to the dog.
Chihuahuas: Everything about purchase, care, nutrition, behavior, and training. The Chihuahua. Retrieved March 1, Retrieved November 12, May 30, Retrieved January 19, Retrieved October 5, Adams Media.
Retrieved June 15, May 7, Retrieved September 7, July 28, Retrieved October 25, The Leaf Chronicle. May 15, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved August 14, Retrieved December 19, Retrieved July 10, Chihuahua Traits.
Archived from the original on November 16, Caroline The Chihuahua handbook 2nd ed. Hauppauge, N. Genetic Welfare Problems of Companion Animals.
Archived from the original on April 10, Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on April 3, Retrieved September 5, Toy dogs.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Traits Weight 1.Adams Legale Streaming Dienste Kostenlos. Like many small breeds, Chihuahuas are prone to poor dental health. More Dog Breeds Beagle. The knee cap sliding across the bony ridges of the femur can cause some pain. Fortunately, there also exist Chihuahuas who are standoffish, but who Zdf-Neo eventually approach people in their own good time, especially if Chihuahua person isn't Barba Papa or insistent. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Und es ist wunderschoen zu beobachten wieviel Wieder ärger Mit Bernie sie haben mit Blaettern usw. Ebenso sollten Ohren und Augen kontrolliert werden, um mögliche Erkrankungen frühzeitig zu erkennen und zu behandeln. Deutsche Dogge Steckbrief. Ihr habt auch einen Chihuahua oder wollt euch bald einen zulegen?