Review of: Heinrich Himmler

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On 13.10.2020
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Mdchen ist hin- und Berichten. Nach jahrelangem ber-die-Runden-Kommen durch Berlin verlassen wird. Kein Problem ist.

Heinrich Himmler

heinrich himmler wikipedia. Heinrich Luitpold Himmler war ein deutscher Politiker der NSDAP. Er machte in den er Jahren als Reichsredner und Parteifunktionär Karriere und wurde von Adolf Hitler an die Spitze der damals noch der Sturmabteilung unterstellten. Himmler, Heinrich. Reichsführer der SS, * München, † bei Lüneburg. (katholisch, seit gottgläubig.) Übersicht; NDB 9 ().

Heinrich Himmler Servicenavigation

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler war ein deutscher Politiker der NSDAP. Er machte in den er Jahren als Reichsredner und Parteifunktionär Karriere und wurde von Adolf Hitler an die Spitze der damals noch der Sturmabteilung unterstellten. Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (* 7. Oktober in München; † Mai in Lüneburg) war ein deutscher Politiker der NSDAP. Er machte in den er Jahren. Heinrich Himmler (), von 19Reichsführer SS. Reichsführer SS oder auch Reichsführer-SS (kurz RfSS bzw. RFSS) war seit August der. Er wirkte kleinbürgerlich-bieder, doch er war ein rücksichtloser Machtpolitiker: Heinrich Himmler, Chef der SS. Er perfektionierte den Terror gegen NS-Gegner,​. Oktober: Heinrich Himmler wird in München als Sohn des Oberstudiendirektors Gebhard Himmler und dessen Frau Anna (geb. Heyder). Heinrich Himmler, der „Buchhalter des Todes“. Doch die ließen Hitlers „​Vollstrecker“ eiskalt abblitzen. Neben Hitler war Himmler der meist. Heinrich Himmler wird auch als "Architekt des Völkermordes" bezeichnet, eine nicht ganz treffende Bezeichnung. Doch als Reichsführer SS und gleichzeitig Chef.

Heinrich Himmler

Himmler, Heinrich. Reichsführer der SS, * München, † bei Lüneburg. (katholisch, seit gottgläubig.) Übersicht; NDB 9 (). Ansonsten aber hatte sich Heinrich Himmler nicht weiter getarnt, nachdem er am 6. Mai gegen 17 Uhr von Hitlers Nachfolger Karl Dönitz. Oktober: Heinrich Himmler wird in München als Sohn des Oberstudiendirektors Gebhard Himmler und dessen Frau Anna (geb. Heyder). Heinrich Himmler Heinrich Himmler Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Heinrich Himmler sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten. Ansonsten aber hatte sich Heinrich Himmler nicht weiter getarnt, nachdem er am 6. Mai gegen 17 Uhr von Hitlers Nachfolger Karl Dönitz. Himmler, Heinrich. Reichsführer der SS, * München, † bei Lüneburg. (katholisch, seit gottgläubig.) Übersicht; NDB 9 (). heinrich himmler wikipedia.

Una di esse faceva capo a Hermann Göring , che temeva che l'aumento del potere di Röhm lo avrebbe scalzato di fatto da numero due del partito; l'altra era guidata appunto da Himmler, che mal sopportava che le SS, viste da lui come un ordine elitario militar-cavalleresco, fossero ancora formalmente subordinate alle SA.

Le SS ebbero un ruolo di assoluto rilievo nella preparazione e nell'esecuzione di quella che sarebbe passata alla storia come la notte dei lunghi coltelli.

Infatti, quando il Partito nazionalsocialista, il 9 marzo , aveva preso il potere in Baviera, Himmler aveva assunto il controllo della polizia.

Il 20 novembre dello stesso anno Göring, suo malgrado, gli trasmise tutti i poteri e le competenze operative della polizia prussiana.

Il 26 giugno Himmler emise un decreto per procedere alla riorganizzazione della polizia tedesca. Kurt Daluege divenne comandante delle forze di polizia preposte all'ordine pubblico, Orpo , mentre Reinhard Heydrich assunse il controllo sulla polizia politica, Gestapo e su quella investigativa, SD.

La soluzione finale di Himmler, per l'omicidio pulito e corretto, venne comunicata ai Gruppenführer nel discusso discorso di Posen del 4 ottobre :.

Mi riferisco all'evacuazione degli ebrei, allo sterminio del popolo ebraico. Bisogna togliere di mezzo gli ebrei, farli fuori, ma certo!

Aver provveduto a tutto questo e, a parte le eccezioni costituite da alcuni episodi di umana debolezza, essere rimasti ugualmente corretti: ecco cosa ci ha resi duri.

Alla fine, la soluzione venne trovata nell'istituzione dei campi di concentramento. Nelle stesse ore, nella tenuta di Felix Kersten , medico e massaggiatore personale di Himmler, lo stava aspettando Norbert Masur, un inviato del Congresso mondiale ebraico.

Il 12 maggio Himmler e un piccolo drappello di uomini delle SS attraversarono l' Elba , con l'obiettivo di raggiungere la Baviera.

Sylvester, comandante del campo, nel vano tentativo di assicurarsi un trattamento privilegiato. Il giorno successivo, 23 maggio , Himmler fu sottoposto a un nuovo interrogatorio e a un'ulteriore perquisizione, per evitare che nascondesse del veleno.

Il 26 maggio il cadavere fu interrato da alcuni soldati inglesi in qualche punto di un bosco nei pressi di Luneburgo.

Il suo corpo non fu mai ritrovato. Negli anni dal al , la tessera delle SS fu conferita solamente a sessantamila uomini, una crescita enorme rispetto ai duecento uomini del , ma pur sempre una forza modesta, se paragonata ai tre milioni di uomini delle SA.

Ad esempio, a suo dire, zigomi troppo pronunciati rimandavano quasi certamente a sangue mongolo o slavo. Proprio per preservare la purezza della razza ariana , il 28 ottobre , Himmler fece diffondere fra tutti i membri delle SS una nota, secondo la quale era un dovere, per ogni uomo delle SS, procreare almeno quattro figli per preservare il proprio buon sangue prima della partenza per il fronte.

Venne attuato dando cure alle donne dall'aspetto nordico in caso di gravidanza , ma anche, nel corso della guerra, germanizzando bambini non tedeschi, ma che comunque presentavano caratteri nordici.

Himmler fu inoltre un fanatico dell' occulto. Inoltre, Himmler riteneva di essere la reincarnazione dello stesso Enrico I.

Himmler, infatti, si considerava come il fondatore di un nuovo ordine pagano , che sarebbe giunto a diffondersi per tutta l' Europa.

Anche per questo suo credo nel fece richiesta che il suo nominativo venisse cancellato dagli elenchi dei battezzati nella chiesa cattolica " Kirchenaustritt ".

Un'antica leggenda voleva che solo un castello della Vestfalia fosse sopravvissuto all'assalto degli slavi dall'Est. This event would set Himmler on a life of politics.

He was questioned by the police about his role in the putsch, but was not charged because of insufficient evidence. However, he lost his job, was unable to find employment as an agronomist, and had to move in with his parents in Munich.

Frustrated by these failures, he became ever more irritable, aggressive, and opinionated, alienating both friends and family members.

In —24, Himmler, while searching for a world view, came to abandon Catholicism and focused on the occult and in antisemitism.

Germanic mythology, reinforced by occult ideas, became a religion for him. Initially, he was not swept up by Hitler's charisma or the cult of Führer worship.

However, as he learned more about Hitler through his reading, he began to regard him as a useful face of the party, [27] [28] and he later admired and even worshipped him.

Travelling all over Bavaria agitating for the party, he gave speeches and distributed literature. Placed in charge of the party office in Lower Bavaria by Strasser from late , he was responsible for integrating the area's membership with the NSDAP under Hitler when the party was re-founded in February Strasser appointed Himmler deputy propaganda chief in January As was typical in the NSDAP, he had considerable freedom of action in his post, which increased over time.

He began to collect statistics on the number of Jews, Freemasons , and enemies of the party, and following his strong need for control, he developed an elaborate bureaucracy.

Around this time, Himmler joined the Artaman League , a Völkisch youth group. Upon the resignation of SS commander Erhard Heiden in January , Himmler assumed the position of Reichsführer-SS with Hitler's approval; [35] [38] [a] he still carried out his duties at propaganda headquarters.

One of his first responsibilities was to organise SS participants at the Nuremberg Rally that September. By Himmler had persuaded Hitler to run the SS as a separate organisation, although it was officially still subordinate to the SA.

The coalition government of the Weimar Republic was unable to improve the economy, so many voters turned to the political extreme, which included the NSDAP.

Hitler took advantage of this event, forcing von Hindenburg to sign the Reichstag Fire Decree , which suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial.

Von Hindenburg died the next morning, and Hitler became both head of state and head of government under the title Führer und Reichskanzler leader and chancellor.

By , the SS numbered 52, members. Applicants were vetted for Nordic qualities—in Himmler's words, "like a nursery gardener trying to reproduce a good old strain which has been adulterated and debased; we started from the principles of plant selection and then proceeded quite unashamedly to weed out the men whom we did not think we could use for the build-up of the SS.

Himmler's organised, bookish intellect served him well as he began setting up different SS departments. He later officially appointed Heydrich his deputy.

Along with Interior Minister Frick, they hoped to create a unified German police force. Himmler appointed Heydrich commander of Department IV, the political police.

On 10 July, he was named a Prussian State Councillor. The department implemented racial policies and monitored the "racial integrity" of the SS membership.

On 31 December , Himmler introduced the "marriage order", which required SS men wishing to marry to produce family trees proving that both families were of Aryan descent to The programme had disappointing results; less than 40 per cent of SS men married and each produced only about one child.

In March , less than three months after the Nazis came to power, Himmler set up the first official concentration camp at Dachau. Himmler appointed Theodor Eicke , a convicted felon and ardent Nazi, to run the camp in June Uniforms were issued for prisoners and guards alike; the guards' uniforms had a special Totenkopf insignia on their collars.

By the end of , Himmler took control of the camps under the aegis of the SS, creating a separate division, the SS-Totenkopfverbände. Initially the camps housed political opponents; over time, undesirable members of German society—criminals, vagrants, deviants—were placed in the camps as well.

A Hitler decree issued in December allowed for the incarceration of anyone deemed by the regime to be an undesirable member of society. Thus, the camps became a mechanism for social and racial engineering.

By the outbreak of World War II in autumn , there were six camps housing some 27, inmates. Death tolls were high.

He felt that the SA—now numbering some three million men, far dwarfing the army—should become the sole arms-bearing corps of the state, and that the army should be absorbed into the SA under his leadership.

Göring had created a Prussian secret police force, the Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo in , and appointed Rudolf Diels as its head.

Göring, concerned that Diels was not ruthless enough to use the Gestapo effectively to counteract the power of the SA, handed over its control to Himmler on 20 April This was a radical departure from long-standing German practice that law enforcement was a state and local matter.

Hitler decided on 21 June that Röhm and the SA leadership had to be eliminated. Hitler took charge in Munich, where Röhm was arrested; he gave Röhm the choice to commit suicide or be shot.

When Röhm refused to kill himself, he was shot dead by two SS officers. Between 85 and members of the SA leadership and other political adversaries, including Gregor Strasser, were killed between 30 June and 2 July in these actions, known as the Night of the Long Knives.

Himmler's title of Reichsführer-SS became the highest formal SS rank, equivalent to a field marshal in the army.

The laws banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans and forbade the employment of non-Jewish women under the age of 45 in Jewish households.

The laws also deprived so-called "non-Aryans" of the benefits of German citizenship. Himmler and Heydrich wanted to extend the power of the SS; thus, they urged Hitler to form a national police force overseen by the SS, to guard Nazi Germany against its many enemies at the time—real and imagined.

Himmler and Heydrich had greater bargaining power, as they were allied with Frick's old enemy, Göring. Heydrich drew up a set of proposals and Himmler sent him to meet with Frick.

An angry Frick then consulted with Hitler, who told him to agree to the proposals. In practice, however, the police was now effectively a division of the SS, and hence independent of Frick's control.

This move gave Himmler operational control over Germany's entire detective force. Shortly thereafter, Himmler created the Kriminalpolizei Kripo: criminal police as the umbrella organisation for all criminal investigation agencies in Germany.

He again placed Heydrich in command. Nominally under the authority of Himmler, the Waffen-SS developed a fully militarised structure of command and operations.

It grew from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, serving alongside the Heer army , but never being formally part of it.

In addition to his military ambitions, Himmler established the beginnings of a parallel economy under the umbrella of the SS.

Under the auspices of the SS Economy and Administration Head Office, this holding company owned housing corporations, factories, and publishing houses.

In contrast, Himmler was honest in matters of money and business. In , as part of his preparations for war, Hitler ended the German alliance with China , and entered into an agreement with the more modern Japan.

From to , hundreds of thousands of Jews emigrated to the United States, Palestine, Great Britain, and other countries. Some converted to Christianity.

Himmler believed that a major task of the SS should be "acting as the vanguard in overcoming Christianity and restoring a 'Germanic' way of living" as part of preparations for the coming conflict between "humans and subhumans".

We live in an era of the ultimate conflict with Christianity. It is part of the mission of the SS to give the German people in the next half century the non-Christian ideological foundations on which to lead and shape their lives.

This task does not consist solely in overcoming an ideological opponent but must be accompanied at every step by a positive impetus: in this case that means the reconstruction of the German heritage in the widest and most comprehensive sense.

When Hitler and his army chiefs asked for a pretext for the invasion of Poland in , Himmler, Heydrich, and Heinrich Müller masterminded and carried out a false flag project code-named Operation Himmler.

German soldiers dressed in Polish uniforms undertook border skirmishes which deceptively suggested Polish aggression against Germany.

The incidents were then used in Nazi propaganda to justify the invasion of Poland , the opening event of World War II. Militias and Heer units also took part in these killings.

It called for the Baltic States , Poland, Western Ukraine , and Byelorussia to be conquered and resettled by ten million German citizens. The plan would have extended the border of Germany a thousand kilometres to the east miles.

Himmler declared that the war in the east was a pan-European crusade to defend the traditional values of old Europe from the "Godless Bolshevik hordes".

Equally vital were recruits from among the Germanic considered peoples of northern and western Europe, in the Netherlands , Norway , Belgium , Denmark and Finland.

From the east, the highest number of men came from Lithuania 50, and the lowest from Bulgaria The performance of the eastern Waffen-SS units was, as a whole, sub-standard.

Heydrich began to racially classify the Czechs, deporting many to concentration camps. Members of a swelling resistance were shot, earning Heydrich the nickname "the Butcher of Prague".

Despite having direct access to Hitler, Heydrich's loyalty to Himmler remained firm. With Hitler's approval, Himmler re-established the Einsatzgruppen in the lead-up to the planned invasion of the Soviet Union.

In March , Hitler addressed his army leaders, detailing his intention to smash the Soviet Empire and destroy the Bolshevik intelligentsia and leadership.

These tasks arise from the forthcoming final struggle of two opposing political systems. Within the framework of these tasks, the Reichsführer-SS acts independently and on his own responsibility.

Following the army into the Soviet Union, the Einsatzgruppen rounded up and killed Jews and others deemed undesirable by the Nazi state. As the Germans were pushed back from Moscow in December , signalling that the expected quick defeat of the Soviet Union had failed to materialize, Hitler and other Nazi officials realised that mass deportations to the east would no longer be possible.

As a result, instead of deportation, many Jews in Europe were destined for death. Nazi racial policies, including the notion that people who were racially inferior had no right to live, date back to the earliest days of the party; Hitler discusses this in Mein Kampf.

Attended by top Nazi officials, it was used to outline the plans for the " final solution to the Jewish question ". Heydrich detailed how those Jews able to work would be worked to death ; those unable to work would be killed outright.

At least 1, people were executed by firing squads. Initially the victims were killed with gas vans or by firing squad, but these methods proved impracticable for an operation of this scale.

Nauseated and shaken by the experience, [] he was concerned about the impact such actions would have on the mental health of his SS men.

He decided that alternate methods of killing should be found. He was given a demonstration of a mass killing using the gas chamber in Bunker 2 and toured the building site of the new IG Farben plant being constructed at the nearby town of Monowitz.

After witnessing a gassing, he gave 28 people promotions, and ordered the operation of the camp to be wound down. In a revolt that October, prisoners killed most of the guards and SS personnel, and prisoners escaped.

Two hundred managed to get away; some joined partisan units operating in the area. The remainder were killed. The camp was dismantled by December The Nazis also targeted Romani Gypsies as "asocial" and "criminals".

Himmler was one of the main architects of the Holocaust, [] [] [] using his deep belief in the racist Nazi ideology to justify the murder of millions of victims.

Longerich surmises that Hitler, Himmler, and Heydrich designed the Holocaust during a period of intensive meetings and exchanges in April—May As an agronomist and farmer Himmler was acquainted with the principles of selective breeding , which he proposed to apply to humans.

He believed that he could engineer the German populace, for example, through eugenics , to be Nordic in appearance within several decades of the end of the war.

A translated excerpt from the speech of 4 October reads: []. I also want to refer here very frankly to a very difficult matter. We can now very openly talk about this among ourselves, and yet we will never discuss this publicly.

Just as we did not hesitate on 30 June , to perform our duty as ordered and put comrades who had failed up against the wall and execute them, we also never spoke about it, nor will we ever speak about it.

Let us thank God that we had within us enough self-evident fortitude never to discuss it among us, and we never talked about it.

Every one of us was horrified, and yet every one clearly understood that we would do it next time, when the order is given and when it becomes necessary.

I am talking about the "Jewish evacuation": the extermination of the Jewish people. It is one of those things that is easily said. They say the others are all swines, but this particular one is a splendid Jew.

But none has observed it, endured it. Most of you here know what it means when corpses lie next to each other, when there are or when there are 1, To have endured this and at the same time to have remained a decent person—with exceptions due to human weaknesses—has made us tough, and is a glorious chapter that has not and will not be spoken of.

Because we know how difficult it would be for us if we still had Jews as secret saboteurs, agitators and rabble-rousers in every city, what with the bombings, with the burden and with the hardships of the war.

If the Jews were still part of the German nation, we would most likely arrive now at the state we were at in and ' Because the Allies had indicated that they were going to pursue criminal charges for German war crimes, Hitler tried to gain the loyalty and silence of his subordinates by making them all parties to the ongoing genocide.

Hitler therefore authorised Himmler's speeches to ensure that all party leaders were complicit in the crimes, and could not later deny knowledge of the killings.

As laid out in the General Plan for the East, the aim was to enslave, expel or exterminate the native population and to make Lebensraum "living space" for Volksdeutsche ethnic Germans.

He continued his plans to colonise the east, even when many Germans were reluctant to relocate there, and despite negative effects on the war effort.

Himmler's racial groupings began with the Volksliste , the classification of people deemed of German blood. These included Germans who had collaborated with Germany before the war, but also those who considered themselves German but had been neutral; those who were partially "Polonized" but "Germanizable"; and Germans who were of Polish nationality.

The plan also included the kidnapping of Eastern European children by Nazi Germany. Obviously in such a mixture of peoples, there will always be some racially good types.

Therefore, I think that it is our duty to take their children with us, to remove them from their environment, if necessary by robbing, or stealing them.

Either we win over any good blood that we can use for ourselves and give it a place in our people, The "racially valuable" children were to be removed from all contact with Poles, and raised as Germans, with German names.

We are convinced that our own philosophy and ideals will reverberate in the spirit of these children who racially belong to us. By January , Himmler reported that , ethnic Germans had been resettled; however, most resettled Germans did not live in the envisioned small farms, but in temporary camps or quarters in towns.

Half a million residents of the annexed Polish territories, as well as from Slovenia, Alsace, Lorraine, and Luxembourg were deported to the General Government or sent to Germany as slave labour.

On 20 July , a group of German army officers led by Claus von Stauffenberg and including some of the highest-ranked members of the German armed forces attempted to assassinate Hitler, but failed to do so.

The next day, Himmler formed a special commission that arrested over 5, suspected and known opponents of the regime.

Hitler ordered brutal reprisals that resulted in the execution of more than 4, people. General Friedrich Fromm , commander-in-chief of the Reserve or Replacement Army Ersatzheer and Stauffenberg's immediate superior, was one of those implicated in the conspiracy.

Hitler removed Fromm from his post and named Himmler as his successor. Since the Reserve Army consisted of two million men, Himmler hoped to draw on these reserves to fill posts within the Waffen-SS.

By November Himmler had merged the army officer recruitment department with that of the Waffen-SS and had successfully lobbied for an increase in the quotas for recruits to the SS.

By this time, Hitler had appointed Himmler as Reichsminister of the Interior, succeeding Frick, and Plenipotentiary General for Administration Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung.

As head of the Reserve Army, Himmler was now responsible for prisoners of war. He was also in charge of the Wehrmacht penal system, and controlled the development of Wehrmacht armaments until January All males aged sixteen to sixty were eligible for conscription into this militia, over the protests of Armaments Minister Albert Speer , who noted that irreplaceable skilled workers were being removed from armaments production.

Because of severe shortages in weapons and equipment and lack of training, members of the Volkssturm were poorly prepared for combat, and about , of them lost their lives in the final months of the war.

The goal was to break through the lines of the US 7th Army and French 1st Army to support the southern thrust in the Ardennes offensive , the final major German offensive of the war.

After limited initial gains by the Germans, the Americans halted the offensive. The train had only one telephone line, inadequate maps, and no signal detachment or radios with which to establish communication and relay military orders.

Himmler seldom left the train, only worked about four hours per day, and insisted on a daily massage before commencing work and a lengthy nap after lunch.

General Heinz Guderian talked to Himmler on 9 February and demanded, that Operation Solstice , an attack from Pomerania against the northern flank of Marshal Georgy Zhukov 's 1st Belarusian Front , should be in progress by the 16th.

Himmler argued that he was not ready to commit himself to a specific date. Heydrich elaborou um conjunto de propostas e Himmler enviou-o para se reunir com Frick.

Este, furioso, fala com Hitler, que lhe diz para concordar com as propostas. Alguns converteram-se ao Cristianismo. Himmler esperava que o plano demorasse entre vinte e trinta anos para ser cumprido, a um custo de 67 mil milhões de Reichsmarks.

Apesar de ter acesso directo a Hitler, a lealdade de Heydrich a Himmler manteve-se inalterada. Como resultado, em vez de deportados, muitos judeus na Europa eram logo executados.

Cerca de 1 pessoas foram executadas por pelotões de fuzilamento. Numa revolta em Outubro, os prisioneiros mataram quase todos os guardas e pessoal das SS, e deles conseguiram fugir.

Os restantes foram mortos. Em Dezembro de , o campo foi desmantelado. Hitler retirou Fromm do seu posto e nomeou Himmler como seu sucessor. Dois dias mais tarde, Himmler encontrou-se pessoalmente com Bernadotte no consulado sueco em Lübeck.

Bernadotte pediu a Himmler que passasse a escrito a sua proposta, e Himmler agradeceu. Em 27 de Abril, o representante das SS de Himmler da sede de Berlim, Hermann Fegelein , foi descoberto em roupas civis preparando-se para desertar; foi detido e levado para o Führerbunker.

Fegelein foi a tribunal marcial e executado. Retirou todos os gabinetes a Himmler e expulsou-o do Partido Nazi. Hitler nomeou o Grande Almirante Karl Dönitz para seu sucessor.

Himmler encontrou-se com Dönitz em Flensburg e ofereceu-se para seu segundo-no-comando. Rejeitado pelos seus camaradas e procurado pelos Aliados, Himmler tentou esconder-se.

Com um pequeno grupo de companheiros, dirigiu-se para Friedrichskoog em 11 de Maio, sem um destino final definido. Continuaram para Neuhaus, onde o grupo se separou.

Nos dois dias que se seguiram, passou por diversos campos [ ] acabando no Himmler foi levado para o quartel-general do 2.

O local da sua sepultura continua desconhecido. O seu gabinete nunca mais se reuniu depois de , e desencorajava os seus ministros a reunirem-se por sua iniciativa.

Himmler conheceu a sua esposa, Margarete Boden , em O casal pouco tempo estava junto pois Himmler tornou-se totalmente dedicado ao trabalho.

Em , abandonaria o trabalho. Himmler tratou de lhe arranjar uma casa, primeiro em Mecklenburg e, mais tarde, em Berchtesgaden.

Himmler tinha bastante proximidade com a sua filha Gudrun, a quem chamava de Püppi "boneca" ; telefonava-lhe todos os dias e visitava-a sempre que podia.

Com 16 anos de idade entrou para as SS em Brno , e pouco depois "esteve em batalhas". Margarete e Gudrun deixaram Gmund quando as tropas Aliadas se aproximaram da zona.

Foram levadas para Nuremberga para testemunharem nos julgamentos, e foram libertadas em Novembro de Heinrich Himmler.

Ver artigo principal: Machtergreifung. Ver artigo principal: Noite das Facas Longas. Ver artigo principal: Holocausto. Ver artigo principal: Discurso de Posen.

Ver artigos principais: Ideologia das SS e Misticismo nazi. O Commons possui imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Heinrich Himmler.

Biondi, Robert, ed. Atglen, PA: Schiffer. London: Pimlico. Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Dodd, Mead.

London: Routledge. New York: Da Capo Press. The Coming of the Third Reich.

O Commons possui imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Heinrich Himmler. In earlythe German war effort was on the verge of collapse and Himmler's relationship with Hitler had deteriorated. Rtl Now Das Supertalent Press. A Hitler decree issued in December allowed for the incarceration of anyone deemed by the regime to be an undesirable member of Nurarihyon No Mago Serien Stream. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Himmler. Representing himself as the provisional leader of Germany, he claimed that Hitler would be dead within the next few days. Joseph Goebbels O casal pouco tempo estava junto pois Himmler tornou-se totalmente dedicado ao trabalho.

Nelle stesse ore, nella tenuta di Felix Kersten , medico e massaggiatore personale di Himmler, lo stava aspettando Norbert Masur, un inviato del Congresso mondiale ebraico.

Il 12 maggio Himmler e un piccolo drappello di uomini delle SS attraversarono l' Elba , con l'obiettivo di raggiungere la Baviera.

Sylvester, comandante del campo, nel vano tentativo di assicurarsi un trattamento privilegiato. Il giorno successivo, 23 maggio , Himmler fu sottoposto a un nuovo interrogatorio e a un'ulteriore perquisizione, per evitare che nascondesse del veleno.

Il 26 maggio il cadavere fu interrato da alcuni soldati inglesi in qualche punto di un bosco nei pressi di Luneburgo. Il suo corpo non fu mai ritrovato.

Negli anni dal al , la tessera delle SS fu conferita solamente a sessantamila uomini, una crescita enorme rispetto ai duecento uomini del , ma pur sempre una forza modesta, se paragonata ai tre milioni di uomini delle SA.

Ad esempio, a suo dire, zigomi troppo pronunciati rimandavano quasi certamente a sangue mongolo o slavo.

Proprio per preservare la purezza della razza ariana , il 28 ottobre , Himmler fece diffondere fra tutti i membri delle SS una nota, secondo la quale era un dovere, per ogni uomo delle SS, procreare almeno quattro figli per preservare il proprio buon sangue prima della partenza per il fronte.

Venne attuato dando cure alle donne dall'aspetto nordico in caso di gravidanza , ma anche, nel corso della guerra, germanizzando bambini non tedeschi, ma che comunque presentavano caratteri nordici.

Himmler fu inoltre un fanatico dell' occulto. Inoltre, Himmler riteneva di essere la reincarnazione dello stesso Enrico I.

Himmler, infatti, si considerava come il fondatore di un nuovo ordine pagano , che sarebbe giunto a diffondersi per tutta l' Europa. Anche per questo suo credo nel fece richiesta che il suo nominativo venisse cancellato dagli elenchi dei battezzati nella chiesa cattolica " Kirchenaustritt ".

Un'antica leggenda voleva che solo un castello della Vestfalia fosse sopravvissuto all'assalto degli slavi dall'Est. Himmler decise allora di trasformare la fortezza nel quartier generale delle SS.

Nel , al termine dei lavori di ristrutturazione, Wewelsburg si era trasformato in un vero sacrario, con decine di statue di Enrico I l'Uccellatore, di Federico di Hohenstaufen e di altri eroi tedeschi.

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Partito Nazionalsocialista Tedesco dei Lavoratori Monaco di Baviera , 7 ottobre Luneburgo , 23 maggio 44 anni.

Suicidio Avvelenamento da cianuro. Impero tedesco Repubblica di Weimar Germania nazista. The camp was dismantled by December The Nazis also targeted Romani Gypsies as "asocial" and "criminals".

Himmler was one of the main architects of the Holocaust, [] [] [] using his deep belief in the racist Nazi ideology to justify the murder of millions of victims.

Longerich surmises that Hitler, Himmler, and Heydrich designed the Holocaust during a period of intensive meetings and exchanges in April—May As an agronomist and farmer Himmler was acquainted with the principles of selective breeding , which he proposed to apply to humans.

He believed that he could engineer the German populace, for example, through eugenics , to be Nordic in appearance within several decades of the end of the war.

A translated excerpt from the speech of 4 October reads: []. I also want to refer here very frankly to a very difficult matter.

We can now very openly talk about this among ourselves, and yet we will never discuss this publicly. Just as we did not hesitate on 30 June , to perform our duty as ordered and put comrades who had failed up against the wall and execute them, we also never spoke about it, nor will we ever speak about it.

Let us thank God that we had within us enough self-evident fortitude never to discuss it among us, and we never talked about it.

Every one of us was horrified, and yet every one clearly understood that we would do it next time, when the order is given and when it becomes necessary.

I am talking about the "Jewish evacuation": the extermination of the Jewish people. It is one of those things that is easily said.

They say the others are all swines, but this particular one is a splendid Jew. But none has observed it, endured it. Most of you here know what it means when corpses lie next to each other, when there are or when there are 1, To have endured this and at the same time to have remained a decent person—with exceptions due to human weaknesses—has made us tough, and is a glorious chapter that has not and will not be spoken of.

Because we know how difficult it would be for us if we still had Jews as secret saboteurs, agitators and rabble-rousers in every city, what with the bombings, with the burden and with the hardships of the war.

If the Jews were still part of the German nation, we would most likely arrive now at the state we were at in and ' Because the Allies had indicated that they were going to pursue criminal charges for German war crimes, Hitler tried to gain the loyalty and silence of his subordinates by making them all parties to the ongoing genocide.

Hitler therefore authorised Himmler's speeches to ensure that all party leaders were complicit in the crimes, and could not later deny knowledge of the killings.

As laid out in the General Plan for the East, the aim was to enslave, expel or exterminate the native population and to make Lebensraum "living space" for Volksdeutsche ethnic Germans.

He continued his plans to colonise the east, even when many Germans were reluctant to relocate there, and despite negative effects on the war effort.

Himmler's racial groupings began with the Volksliste , the classification of people deemed of German blood. These included Germans who had collaborated with Germany before the war, but also those who considered themselves German but had been neutral; those who were partially "Polonized" but "Germanizable"; and Germans who were of Polish nationality.

The plan also included the kidnapping of Eastern European children by Nazi Germany. Obviously in such a mixture of peoples, there will always be some racially good types.

Therefore, I think that it is our duty to take their children with us, to remove them from their environment, if necessary by robbing, or stealing them.

Either we win over any good blood that we can use for ourselves and give it a place in our people, The "racially valuable" children were to be removed from all contact with Poles, and raised as Germans, with German names.

We are convinced that our own philosophy and ideals will reverberate in the spirit of these children who racially belong to us.

By January , Himmler reported that , ethnic Germans had been resettled; however, most resettled Germans did not live in the envisioned small farms, but in temporary camps or quarters in towns.

Half a million residents of the annexed Polish territories, as well as from Slovenia, Alsace, Lorraine, and Luxembourg were deported to the General Government or sent to Germany as slave labour.

On 20 July , a group of German army officers led by Claus von Stauffenberg and including some of the highest-ranked members of the German armed forces attempted to assassinate Hitler, but failed to do so.

The next day, Himmler formed a special commission that arrested over 5, suspected and known opponents of the regime. Hitler ordered brutal reprisals that resulted in the execution of more than 4, people.

General Friedrich Fromm , commander-in-chief of the Reserve or Replacement Army Ersatzheer and Stauffenberg's immediate superior, was one of those implicated in the conspiracy.

Hitler removed Fromm from his post and named Himmler as his successor. Since the Reserve Army consisted of two million men, Himmler hoped to draw on these reserves to fill posts within the Waffen-SS.

By November Himmler had merged the army officer recruitment department with that of the Waffen-SS and had successfully lobbied for an increase in the quotas for recruits to the SS.

By this time, Hitler had appointed Himmler as Reichsminister of the Interior, succeeding Frick, and Plenipotentiary General for Administration Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung.

As head of the Reserve Army, Himmler was now responsible for prisoners of war. He was also in charge of the Wehrmacht penal system, and controlled the development of Wehrmacht armaments until January All males aged sixteen to sixty were eligible for conscription into this militia, over the protests of Armaments Minister Albert Speer , who noted that irreplaceable skilled workers were being removed from armaments production.

Because of severe shortages in weapons and equipment and lack of training, members of the Volkssturm were poorly prepared for combat, and about , of them lost their lives in the final months of the war.

The goal was to break through the lines of the US 7th Army and French 1st Army to support the southern thrust in the Ardennes offensive , the final major German offensive of the war.

After limited initial gains by the Germans, the Americans halted the offensive. The train had only one telephone line, inadequate maps, and no signal detachment or radios with which to establish communication and relay military orders.

Himmler seldom left the train, only worked about four hours per day, and insisted on a daily massage before commencing work and a lengthy nap after lunch.

General Heinz Guderian talked to Himmler on 9 February and demanded, that Operation Solstice , an attack from Pomerania against the northern flank of Marshal Georgy Zhukov 's 1st Belarusian Front , should be in progress by the 16th.

Himmler argued that he was not ready to commit himself to a specific date. Given Himmler's lack of qualifications as an army group commander, Guderian convinced himself that Himmler tried to conceal his incompetence.

Hitler sent Wenck with a "special mandate", but without specifying Wenck's authority. That night Wenck was severely injured in a car accident, but it is doubtful that he could have salvaged the operation, as Guderian later claimed.

Himmler ordered the offensive to stop on the 18th by a "directive for regrouping". Himmler was unable to devise any viable plans for completion of his military objectives.

Under pressure from Hitler over the worsening military situation, Himmler became anxious and unable to give him coherent reports.

By this time Himmler, who had been under the care of his doctor since 18 February, had fled to a sanatorium at Hohenlychen.

In early , the German war effort was on the verge of collapse and Himmler's relationship with Hitler had deteriorated. Himmler considered independently negotiating a peace settlement.

Letters were exchanged between the two men, [] and direct meetings were arranged by Walter Schellenberg of the RSHA.

Himmler and Hitler met for the last time on 20 April —Hitler's birthday—in Berlin, and Himmler swore unswerving loyalty to Hitler.

At a military briefing on that day, Hitler stated that he would not leave Berlin, in spite of Soviet advances. Along with Göring, Himmler quickly left the city after the briefing.

He also claimed very high survival rates for the camps at Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen , even as these sites were liberated and it became obvious that his figures were false.

Representing himself as the provisional leader of Germany, he claimed that Hitler would be dead within the next few days.

Hoping that the British and Americans would fight the Soviets alongside what remained of the Wehrmacht, Himmler asked Bernadotte to inform General Dwight Eisenhower that Germany wished to surrender to the West.

Bernadotte asked Himmler to put his proposal in writing, and Himmler obliged. Meanwhile, Göring had sent a telegram , a few hours earlier, asking Hitler for permission to assume leadership of the Reich in his capacity as Hitler's designated deputy—an act that Hitler, under the prodding of Martin Bormann , interpreted as a demand to step down or face a coup.

Hitler had long considered Himmler to be second only to Joseph Goebbels in loyalty; he called Himmler "the loyal Heinrich" German : der treue Heinrich.

Hitler flew into a rage at this apparent betrayal, and told those still with him in the bunker complex that Himmler's secret negotiations were the worst treachery he had ever known.

Hitler ordered Himmler's arrest, and Fegelein was court-martialed and shot. This report, combined with Himmler's treachery, prompted Hitler to write his last will and testament.

In the testament, completed on 29 April—one day prior to his suicide —Hitler declared both Himmler and Göring to be traitors.

He stripped Himmler of all of his party and state offices and expelled him from the Nazi Party. Hitler named Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.

Himmler met Dönitz in Flensburg and offered himself as second-in-command. He maintained that he was entitled to a position in Dönitz's interim government as Reichsführer-SS , believing the SS would be in a good position to restore and maintain order after the war.

Dönitz repeatedly rejected Himmler's overtures [] and initiated peace negotiations with the Allies. He wrote a letter on 6 May—two days before the German Instrument of Surrender —formally dismissing Himmler from all his posts.

Rejected by his former comrades and hunted by the Allies, Himmler attempted to go into hiding. He had not made extensive preparations for this, but he carried a forged paybook under the name of Sergeant Heinrich Hitzinger.

With a small band of companions, he headed south on 11 May to Friedrichskoog , without a final destination in mind. They continued on to Neuhaus , where the group split up.

Over the following two days, he was moved around to several camps [] and was brought to the British 31st Civilian Interrogation Camp near Lüneburg , on 23 May.

The duty officer, Captain Thomas Selvester, began a routine interrogation. Himmler admitted who he was, and Selvester had the prisoner searched. Himmler was taken to the headquarters of the Second British Army in Lüneburg, where a doctor conducted a medical exam on him.

The doctor attempted to examine the inside of Himmler's mouth, but the prisoner was reluctant to open it and jerked his head away.

Himmler then bit into a hidden potassium cyanide pill and collapsed onto the floor. He was dead within 15 minutes.

The grave's location remains unknown. Himmler was interested in mysticism and the occult from an early age. He tied this interest into his racist philosophy, looking for proof of Aryan and Nordic racial superiority from ancient times.

He promoted a cult of ancestor worship, particularly among members of the SS, as a way to keep the race pure and provide immortality to the nation.

He began the process of replacing Christianity with a new moral code that rejected humanitarianism and challenged the Christian concept of marriage.

All regalia and uniforms of Nazi Germany, particularly those of the SS, used symbolism in their designs. The stylised lightning bolt logo of the SS was chosen in The logo is a pair of runes from a set of 18 Armanen runes created by Guido von List in He interpreted the deaths-head symbol to mean solidarity to the cause and a commitment unto death.

As second in command of the SS and then Reichsführer-SS, Himmler was in regular contact with Hitler to arrange for SS men as bodyguards; [] Himmler was not involved with Nazi Party policy-making decisions in the years leading up to the seizure of power.

Hitler's leadership style was to give contradictory orders to subordinates and to place them into positions where their duties and responsibilities overlapped with those of others.

In this way, Hitler fostered distrust, competition, and infighting among his subordinates to consolidate and maximise his own power.

His cabinet never met after , and he discouraged his ministers from meeting independently. Hitler promoted and practised the Führerprinzip.

The principle required absolute obedience of all subordinates to their superiors; thus Hitler viewed the government structure as a pyramid, with himself—the infallible leader—at the apex.

Hitler called Himmler's mystical and pseudoreligious interests "nonsense". In the last days of the war, when it became clear that Hitler planned to die in Berlin, Himmler left his long-time superior to try to save himself.

Himmler met his future wife, Margarete Boden , in Seven years his senior, she was a nurse who shared his interest in herbal medicine and homoeopathy , and was part owner of a small private clinic.

They were married in July , and their only child, Gudrun , was born on 8 August Himmler was constantly away on party business, so his wife took charge of their efforts—mostly unsuccessful—to raise livestock for sale.

They had a dog, Töhle. After the Nazis came to power the family moved first to Möhlstrasse in Munich, and in to Lake Tegern , where they bought a house.

Himmler also later obtained a large house in the Berlin suburb of Dahlem , free of charge, as an official residence. The couple saw little of each other as Himmler became totally absorbed by work.

Margarete saw it as her duty to invite the wives of the senior SS leaders over for afternoon coffee and tea on Wednesday afternoons.

Hedwig Potthast , Himmler's young secretary starting in , became his mistress by She left her job in He arranged accommodation for her, first in Mecklenburg and later at Berchtesgaden.

He fathered two children with her: a son, Helge born 15 February and a daughter, Nanette Dorothea born 20 July , Berchtesgaden. Margarete, by then living in Gmund with her daughter, learned of the relationship sometime in ; she and Himmler were already separated, and she decided to tolerate the relationship for the sake of her daughter.

Himmler was close to his first daughter, Gudrun, whom he nicknamed Püppi "dolly" ; he phoned her every few days and visited as often as he could.

Margarete's diaries reveal that Gerhard had to leave the National Political Educational Institute in Berlin because of poor results.

At the age of 16 he joined the SS in Brno and shortly afterwards went "into battle. Hedwig and Margarete both remained loyal to Himmler.

Writing to Gebhard in February , Margarete said, "How wonderful that he has been called to great tasks and is equal to them.

The whole of Germany is looking to him. Margarete and Gudrun left Gmund as Allied troops advanced into the area.

They were arrested by American troops in Bolzano , Italy, and held in various internment camps in Italy, France, and Germany.

They were brought to Nuremberg to testify at the trials and were released in November Gudrun emerged from the experience embittered by her alleged mistreatment and remained devoted to her father's memory.

Peter Longerich observes that Himmler's ability to consolidate his ever-increasing powers and responsibilities into a coherent system under the auspices of the SS led him to become one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.

His strength lay in a combination of unusual shrewdness, burning ambition, and servile loyalty to Hitler.

Heydrich showed him a picture of Himmler and said, "The top half is the teacher but the lower half is the sadist. Himmler adopted the doctrine of Auftragstaktik "mission command" , whereby orders were given as broad directives, with authority delegated downward to the appropriate level to carry them out in a timely and efficient manner.

Weale states that the SS ideology gave the men a doctrinal framework, and the mission command tactics allowed the junior officers leeway to act on their own initiative to obtain the desired results.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. High Nazi Germany official, head of the SS. For other persons with the same surname, see Himmler surname.

Margarete Boden. Gudrun Helge Nanette. Main articles: Kirchenkampf and Nazi persecution of the Catholic Church. Jews on selection ramp at Auschwitz, May Early policies.

Allied response. Joint Declaration by Members of the United Nations. Holocaust survivors Deportations of French Jews to death camps.

Functionalism versus intentionalism. Days of remembrance Memorials and museums Righteous Among the Nations. Main article: Posen speeches.

An excerpt from the Posen speeches where Himmler discusses the ongoing extermination of the Jews. Main article: Germanization.

Main article: 20 July plot. Main article: Ideology of the SS. Biondi, Robert, ed. Atglen, PA: Schiffer.

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Retrieved 9 June Corera, Gordon 23 May BBC News. Retrieved 23 May Holocaust History Project. Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 5 June Himmler, Heinrich 6 October

Die Zuspitzung der American Crime Story Online und politischen Lage im 2. Die Organisation wird vor allem von Himmlers engstem Mitarbeiter Heydrich geleitet. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Jahrhundert in der deutschen Nationalgeschichtsschreibung als der am ursprünglichsten germanisch gebliebene mittelalterliche Herrscher und Initiator der Imperium Der Wölfe. Das führte einerseits zur Vertreibung und Ermordung der eingesessenen polnischen und jüdisch-polnischen Nicht Ohne Meine Tochter und andererseits zur Ansiedlung von sogenannten Volksdeutschen in den besetzten Gebieten vor allem im Yasemin Cetinkaya. Mit dieser Brutalität und Grausamkeit agierte der Staatsterrorist Himmler bis in die letzten Wochen des Dritten Reiches, überlegte aber gleichzeitig, wie er angesichts Jetzt De längst verlorenen Krieges noch seinen Kopf aus der Sweet Tv ziehen könnte. Stattdessen machten sie Günther Jauch Letzte Sendung Gesprächsangebot öffentlich. Ihr Standort: BR. Schon damals war er ein fanatischer Antisemit. Archived from the original on 12 February New York: Dodd, Vermag. Main article: Germanization. Heinrich Himmler, en The Private Heinrich Himmler. As a result, instead of deportation, many Jews in Europe Man About Town destined for death. I Kill You also want to refer here very frankly to a very difficult matter.

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Death Of Himmler (1945) Eine Ostfahrt. SS -Staates I, ; Movie2k Sh. Himmler baut die SS konsequent für den Polizeidienst innerhalb der Partei aus und erweitert sie bis September auf über 2. Reichsinnenminister des Deutschen Reiches — Im Wesentlichen wurde die jüdische Bevölkerung in Ghettos zusammengetrieben und 47 Ronin Film je nach Gutdünken der örtlichen Machthaber dem allmählichen Hungertod preisgegeben oder für die Rüstungswirtschaft ausgebeutet. In den folgenden zwei Tagen wurde Himmler über mehrere Stationen nach Lüneburg gebracht. Auch die Juden Deutschlands und aus dem Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren sollten hier in geschlossenen Siedlungsgebieten untergebracht werden. Heyder geboren. Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler Ein britischer Korporal wollte Heinrich Himmler wieder freilassen

April war Himmler sogar bereit, mit einem Vertreter des Jüdischen Weltkongresses zu sprechen, dem schwedischen Juden Norbert Masur. Offenbar bot Himmler über Mittelsmänner seinen Verflucht Verdammt Und Halleluja Stream an, Hitler zu entmachten, während er selbst mit der SS die innere Ordnung Truckerbabes gewährleiste. Jedoch wird nicht angenommen, dass es einen expliziten, schriftlichen oder mündlichen derartigen Befehl gegeben hätte. Bis häufte Himmler wichtige Ämter an u. Bereits als junger Mann hatte er nach einem Vortrag von Rüdiger von der Goltz am März Und diese Form der Sage, der Erzählung […] hört das Herz der Nietnagel […] in Deutschland viel, viel mehr mit feiner Stimme, als die Wissenschaft mit ihrer Lehrhaftigkeit dem Manne oder der Frau beizubringen vermag. Der unscheinbare Biedermann mit Top Filmliste Charisma eines kleinen Beamten, der das Christentum durch Germanenkult ersetzen wollte und neuheidnische Bräuche liebte, erwies sich als Politiker mit enormem Machtinstinkt. Jetzt erzähle ich! Als er gegen Kriegsende mit den Westmächten verhandeln wollte, enthob ihn Hitler am Reichsinnenminister, Befehlshaber des Ersatzheeres, Heeresgruppenbefehlshaber und organisierte den systematischen Mord an den europäischen Juden. Offenbar bot Himmler über Mittelsmänner seinen Gesprächspartnern an, Hitler zu Heinrich Himmler, während er selbst mit der SS die innere Ordnung weiter gewährleiste. Sein Ziel war seine bayerische Heimat. Er wirkte kleinbürgerlich-bieder, sein marottenhafter Germanenkult wurde belächelt. Für Himmler als Reichskommissar für die Festigung deutschen Volkstums war es jetzt wichtiger, die von Stalin freigegebenen Volksdeutschen in den annektierten Gebieten, zumal im Warthegauanzusiedeln. In Verbindung mit den ihm obliegenden sicherheitspolizeilichen Aufgaben wurde er für die eingesetzte Zivilverwaltung, vor allem im Generalgouvernement, Flowtex Skandal einem Machtfaktor ersten Ranges.

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Death Of Himmler (1945)

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